On September 8, 1664 the Dutch peacefully surrender New Netherlands to the English.
On September 10, the new British Governor Nicholls sent troops up the Hudson to Beverwyck to demand the peaceful surrender of the “Fort Aurania”, aurania being the Latin name for “orange” that the English used when referring to Fort Orange.
It was not until September 24, 1664 that vice-director of New Netherland Dutch West India Co., Johannes de Montagne, surrendered the fort to the English, and Colonel George Cartwright took command. On the 25th, Captain John Manning was given control of the fort. Beverwyck was re-named Albany and the fort became Fort Albany;
New York, the state and city, were named after James I, Duke of York, brother of King Charles II, to whom Charles had awarded the land. James also held the title Duke of Albany, a Scottish peerage. (Albany is a corruption of Albia or Alba, an ancient Scots Gaelic name for part of Scotland.)
Copyright 2021 Julie O’Connor