In the mid- 1850’s there was a revival of interest in Celtic art that started in Dublin. The impetus for the movement, which came to be known as the Irish Renaissance, was Irish nationalism. But the beauty of the traditional Irish forms worked their way into the Arts and Craft movement spearheaded by William Morris in England in the late 1800s
In the U.S the aesthetics of the Irish Revival heavily influenced our most influential designers of the late 19th and early 20 century. Louis Comfort Tiffany used the Celtic cross motif in his his stained glass windows , his Tiffany jewelry and, yes, in Tiffany designed grave markers. Gustav Stickley, this country’s leading practitioner of the Arts and Crafts movement, adopted traditional Irish design elements like the cross and the knot in his designs for all things useful and beautiful – furniture, fabric, lamps.